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You could probably guess what happen next. It was a good idea probably for me to become a trader than a professional basketball player. But you know, sport is not all that different from the stock market. They both have a winner and loser. We also have different companies ...

You could probably guess what happen next. It was a good idea probably for me to become a trader than a professional basketball player. But you know, sport is not all that different from the stock market. They both have a winner and loser. We also have different companies like you have different teams and different players. Very often, I’m sure you’ve noticed, that a team will go through a high performance level and the media calls this a ‘hot streak’. What’s interesting is, that how do you know the difference between a hot streak or just a random fluke. Perhaps the idea is in the duration of the streak. Imagine two scenarios:

Scenario A – a mediocre football team seemingly out of nowhere wins 53 matches in a row over a span of many months.

Scenario B – an average player has one incredible game and scored 6 goals during a football match.

Now, both are laudable achievements, but if you had to pick one, wouldn’t you say the team that won 53 matches in a row accomplished a more impressive feat? You see the reason is simple; in fact you can sum it up in one word – consistency. The first occurred over a long sustained period of time and the second was just a onetime event. Now, refer to this idea back in lesson 1, but I’ll say it again, Technical Analysis is about price, about indicators, patterns and trends. In this lesson we’re going to introduce you to the concepts of Trends.

Alright, so let’s see couple of charts to see how trends can be applied to the stock market.

This is a chart of Sun Pharmaceuticals,

Sun pharma

India’s largest pharmaceutical company by market capitalization and India’s 8th largest company overall. The chart shows its price from 2011 all the way to 2015, the stock appreciated by 370% and that is the chart of ITC,


India’s 4th largest company overall. It is a one month long chart, during which time it is fallen about 20%.
Now both Sun Pharma and ITC are huge companies. Sun Pharma is on, what we call, an upward trend for the past five years. ITC on the other hand has been on a downward trend for the past month. Notice that in both instances, there is a clear trend on the price charts. In the example of Sun Pharma, there seems to be no reason not to buy the stock. Why is that? Because it’s been consistently going up in price for the past five years. You can’t get a prettier looking job than that. But what about ITC? The price chart seems to indicate that it’s on a downward trend. Since it’s on a downtrend, wouldn’t it make sense to sell? After all, that’s what we talked about in Lesson 1: Identify a pattern/trend and then follow it.
Now this is where most technical analysts will mess up. Remember the Big Three from Lesson 1 – the third tenet was that ‘the fundamentals of a company always matter’. And since it’s important, I will say it again that Fundamentals and Technicals complement each other and the best way to show you this is through a chart of ITC for 5 years.itc ltd

Now isn’t that remarkable? And you’re now left with more questions than answers; making that decision to sell is not quite so simple now, is it? Many traders would actually look to buy ITC in that situation.
Now, I understand that it seems intuitive – it seems right to be able to short a stock when you see a downtrend. However, remember that the in long term charts, a higher time frame will always matter and reflect what the fundamentals of the companies are. Let me explain, if you look at a higher time frame like the monthly or weekly charts and a long span, you will get a consensus of what the biggest investors believe in. In this example of ITC, you will notice that investors actually trust the company’s fundamentals; therefore it’s in the long term uptrend. Fundamentals of the company always matter.

Sun Pharma and ITC are both in long term uptrend in the five year charts.

The 3 kinds of trends are:
1. Uptrends
2. Downtrends, and
3. Sideways Trends

Now, I’m sure you’re wondering, why does a trend actually form? How do we get a long term uptrend or a long term downtrend? Why does that actually happen? You see, there is a connection between the macroeconomics of a country, such as India and its stock market. We all know, India’s GDP is growing. Let’s look at this graph of India’s GDP.

India's GDP

You will notice that the GDP plummeted in 2008 – the same year, the Sensex fell 50%. Interesting! Now let’s take a step back and think about what happens when India’s economy is not doing well. When India’s GDP is not doing well, it’s a result of poor performance of the companies that make up the stock market. Take 2008, for instance, the GDP stalled therefore the Sensex fell by 50%. The biggest participants in the stock market are not investors like you or I; the retails investors don’t cut it. Institutions are the biggest players in the stock market and they’re more fondly known as the FIIs and the DIIs.

FII stands for Foreign Institutional Investors – think Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan. They’re located abroad but they pinpoint our country and companies which are growing well. The DIIs on the other hand are called the Domestic Institutional Investors. Think about LIC India or any Mutual Fund located in the country. Now FIIs and DIIs, these institutions, they manage billions of dollars and they need to make an informed decision. They follow the money. Now what does it mean? When the GDP shrinks due to poor performance, the Net Profit of these companies, let’s say the Nifty, shrinks as well.

Now think about it, what do you think is going to happen when an institution sees companies’ profits shrinking – they will not be interested to buy. As a result the company’s stock may fall. Just the opposite is true when the GDP rises, the Net Profit of the companies rises as well. The FIIs and DIIs now are interested to invest in these healthy growing companies.

Now, knowing that little tidbit of information, let’s add a column to the same graph that shows the net amount of money of FIIs invested during those years.


Notice a correlation that when India’s economy dwindled in 2008, FIIs took money out of the country. This supply, this selling causes the markets to fall. This is where trends come into the picture. If you made a monthly chart of FII activity from 2007 all the way to 2009 this is what you would see.

FII net equity

Notice that in early 2008, Institutions already started taking money out. Savvy investors would have recognized that and when the correct moment struck, they would have sold. Technical analysts would have been able to leverage the power of trends and short the Nifty. This is the price chart of Nifty.


In the method that you will soon learn in this course, this is the point where you would have shorted. This is where the downtrend actually begins; the price continues to fall. Now almost near January 2009, FIIs would have a net positive equity investment and at this point the uptrend begun, the money is reflected on price charts.


THAT is the power of technical analysis. So when someone says you can only make money when the markets go up, here the person is probably at a disadvantage. Technical analysis can help us stay with the trend even when the markets are trending down.

What did the weighted coin teach us? It taught us – no matter how many times you flip the weighted coin, you will get heads more than tales, much like a trend. If you are buying or going long in an uptrend, the odds are in your favor and if you’re shorting or selling when the markets are going down in a downtrend, the odds are in your favor again. What do you think is going to happen when a good company keeps posting profit after profit every single month, quarter, and year? Investors and traders, even institutions will buy the stock and you will get a long term uptrend and that uptrend is likely to continue in that direction.

Now, we are going to teach you a method with an entry and exit so you can begin investing right away but before you do that you need to know about charting and that’s exactly what the next lesson is going to talk about – bar charts and candlestick charts.

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Add Your Question
Arish N 2 years ago


Nicely explained what is trend and how it work.

Bighnaraj Sarangi
Trade Academy 2 years ago

Arish, in the lessons ahead you will learn how to see market direction with the use of charts. Meaning the crash we saw in August 2015, you will be able to avert such a crash.

Sarat Alex 1 year ago


Hi, when I click on Take Quiz, it repeatedly redirects me to my profile. Extremely annoying. How do I take the quiz?

Also, the field validation messages on various forms, such as “Please enter a valid email ID”, are not properly coded. It doesn’t wait for the user to finish typing, but immediately flashes ” not a valid email ID” WHILE I am typing my email ID. Let me finish first!

Priyanka M 2 years ago


We come to know the types of Trends & How we get these Trends in Stock Market with the help of examples explained very well. Explained very nicely FII & DII role in Stock Market, How FII & DII Invest & Take out the money from the market explained nicely with the help of Charts.

Dilpreet Atwal 1 year ago


Videos except 1st  video, rest are not able to play. They give error “Invalid address”. Only the 1st video got played smoothly, rest are giving error.

Bighnaraj Sarangi
Trade Academy 1 year ago

Hi Dilpreet, all videos are not on Youtube. If you have trouble just search for the video there 🙂 Let us know if you encounter any other issues, it should be smooth sailing now.

Ashish Agarwal 1 year ago


Which way do you recommend to get the fundamental analysis of a company? Can someone understand it by observing a company’s 5-year performance chart? Please let me know if its already covered in previous courses.

Prateek Singh
Prateek Singh 1 year ago

Hey, a 5 year history is more than enough. There are alot of websites covering this including moneycontrol. We hope to upload courses on fundamental analysis very soon, how long have you been investing?

Prateek Singh
Prateek Singh 1 year ago

Thank you Ashish! We are very glad that you found TradeAcademy useful. You can find all the courses under the ‘courses’ section. We have started with Moving Averages, next on will be RSI. We will cover everything under the sun on Technical Analysis and then move to fundamental analysis. If you are not sure where to start, finish this course and practice swing highs and lows. Once you are set, take the newton method and start practicing it on the weekly charts. This will help you build really strong foundations and most of all confidence 🙂

Ashish Agarwal 1 year ago

Thanks for a quick reply Prateek! I have been trading for over a year now. I wasn’t regular though. I am mainly focused on learning at this point. Your course has been very helpful to me! Thanks a lot.

Sourabh Rastogi 1 year ago


Hi Prateek,

I have a question that how to choose companies in which we can trade as there are so many companies and we can’t see the so many charts.

Is there any research method to check which company to follow.

Prateek Singh
Prateek Singh 1 year ago

Sure, Nifty, Axisbank SBIN are some of my personal favorites. To find yours you should look for stocks in the Nifty 50 list. I will be coming up with a much more powerful way to select stocks soon, in one of the courses. That will be a very fun strategy to share with all of you.

Amritanshu Kumar 1 year ago

Hi Prateek Sir, I have gone through all the courses and they are very useful and great fundaments we should stick upon and stop looses will cover any exceptions which can’t be ruled out 100%, otherwise it would be against the nature of stock market. I have a small silly question though whose answer would probably make all my doubts clear. That is, is there any meaning of long RED or long GREEN candle? I understand swing, however, being a day trader this doubt came to me when I saw a big green candle of state bank of india last day. What does it mean as per trading technicals?