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Assumptions of Technical Analysis


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Hello and welcome to the course.

An introduction to technical analysis.

Let’s begin with flipping this coin. The first flip gets us, that’s a heads. Let’s do it again and this time we get, oh it’s a heads again. Third time we get a heads ...

Hello and welcome to the course.

An introduction to technical analysis.

Let’s begin with flipping this coin. The first flip gets us, that’s a heads. Let’s do it again and this time we get, oh it’s a heads again. Third time we get a heads yet again. The fourth flip get us head again. Fifth time gets us head yet again. Surprised! You should be, because 5 heads in a row is very unlikely. Actually the chances of that happening are 3.125%.  So, why we are flipping coins and what does it have to do with Technical Analysis? A lot more than you think.

Technical Analysis is about probability. It’s about raw numerical data crunching. It’s also about patterns and spotting that trend early. Now there are a lot of similarities between ‘flipping a coin’ and Technical Analysis. One is that you can make an objective decision without worrying about any subjective factors. So you know exactly the probability in advance. What I mean by this is that when I flip a coin, you know exactly what the probability is. It is 50/50% of it landing on either side. Technical analysis works there pretty much the same way. When you put on that trade, you are basing your decision on statistics, on pure math’s, on numbers. You know the probability in advance. Now there is one thing about technical analysis that is not accounted for in a conflict and that is Human Behavior. Think about it, what moves a stock. Mostly it is traders and investors basing in their perception and that the key word here. The perception of the investors, it could be greed it could be fair, it could be indecision which is reflecting in price. And what is technical analysis doing? It aims to quantify this behavior. Well now, I have a confession to make – I cheated. The coin that I was flipping was a weighted coin such that one side was heavier than the other meaning that there is an 80% probability of the coin landing on Heads. Knowing that information, what would you choose between heads and Tails? The answer is Heads.

Now let’s see how this concept can be applied to stocks. Now let’s suppose on the basis of historical data, you will find something fascinating in a stock. Every time this stock moved up 5% in the past, it was followed by a 3% fall. And this happenend again and again and again. Suppose you plotted its price movement on a chart and it looked something like this.

price movement

Now, I know what you’re thinking – in the real world, such a consistent pattern almost never appears. But nevertheless, patterns do emerge. See that red dot at the end; assume that point of time is now and you have the option of buy or sell. What would you do? The answer is obvious, you would buy. And that in the nutshell is an oversimplified way of explaining what Technical Analysis is.

You plot prices on a chart, spot the trend or pattern emerging again and again and making an objective decision to buy or sell which is based on human behavior, which is factored in that price.
The next lesson, we are going to focus only on trends. But in this lesson, we’re going to cover the 3 Big Assumptions of Technical Analysis.

– History repeats itself
When an event happens again and again, that is a pattern emerges. Now what the Technical Analysis does, it find these patterns throughout historical price data of stocks and indices and you can validate them through this process. This is probably one of the main reasons why traders are attracted to technical analysis too much, it removes any subjectivity, any guess work, and you are working on math probability. It’s a objective way to decide to buy and sell.

– All relevant information is already priced in
So what does that mean? Let’s take an actual example of Nifty that is the Index which is the average of the top 50 stocks on the NSE. This chart is of 2010


As you can see Nifty has appreciated 62% over 5 years. Since 2014, it has done very well. The overall trend is a positive one, but there’s been a slight dip in the recent past. That’s all fine and dandy. But now what? What do we look for to make the decision on whether to go long or short?

Let’s understand this with an example. Suppose the RBI is about to announce a rate change in the headline interest rate. Now we all know that the headline interest rate can change everything, from economy to sectors and companies in specific.

The fundamental analyst will try to figure out this complex web of information and here he will ask himself. Is the nifty over valued or undervalued after this decision? He will also try to find the intrinsic value of the Nifty.

The Technical Analyst, on the other hand does not look at that. He/she will try to figure out what is happening now. He will figure out if the information is relevant, it will reflect in price immediately. So if it is a positive announcement, prices are likely to go up and if it fixes his trading system, he will buy as per plan. If its bad news and he see sell signal according to his objective system, he will sell.

Now next time you will look at you TV and you find the analyst screaming buy or sell. Try to ask yourself, what are they basing their decisions on?

– The fundamentals of the company matter

We have fundamental analysis and Technical analysis.
Now what is funny is that every technical analyst usually discounts fundamentals completely and vice versa the fundamental guys will not look at charts at all.

To us as Trade Academy, that seems crazy; how you could do that. They both have strength and weaknesses. And you could use them both to your advantage.

For example

Look at DLF,


It was in a beautiful uptrend, the technical analyst would have dot, profited quite a bit but he would have to deal with this enormous crash. Now the average investor would find this a real mess and probably would lose money. However if you employed fundamental analysis first, you would have found that DLF is not that fundamentally sound. There were other candidates such as Colgate Palmolive, and much better on the books, financially it’s growing 15 % a year every year and has no debt. Now suppose you traded Colgate Palmolive using technical.

Look at the chart,

colgate palmolive

It’s a beautiful uptrend, making profit without having to worrying about crash. You see applying fundamentals and technicals, they compliment each other. And isn’t that a nicer way to invest you money.

So what have we learned so far? Well, for starters, we’ve learned that Technical Analysis allows you to make an objective decision on your trading. So without second guessing, you can make a trade based on probability, based on statistics. We also learned 3 assumptions i.e History repeats itself, all relevant information is reflected in price and fundamentals matter.

The next lesson is really interesting, we will introduce you to the concept of trends and it is beautiful because there is a relationship between the biggest investors, the economy and the Indian stock market. These concepts can be used worldwide and what is exciting is that we will be able to show you how to trade using these concepts.

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Add Your Question
Bighnaraj Sarangi
Trade Academy 2 years ago


What was your favorite part of the lesson?

Bhanupratapsingh Thakore 2 years ago

The explanation using charts and examples is really helpful…this is definitely the best source of learning how to trade for novices out there, I was waiting for them to release the new lessons for a really long time…just like everything else that’s good, this too has a pricetag on it now. Hope to see more ! Great efficient work.

Bighnaraj Sarangi
Trade Academy 2 years ago

Hello Bhanuparatap ji, thank you for your kind words. We hope this will help many beginner traders aiming to learn Technical Analysis.

Maneesh Kumar 2 years ago


Could you guys make it free for your customers?

Bighnaraj Sarangi
Trade Academy 2 years ago

Hi Maneesh, we are going to come up with special offers for RKSV customers very soon. Meanwhile could you share what technical strategy you currently use? Are you a price action man or indicator fan?

Ajay S 1 year ago


Hi Prateek ,
I have noticed that Dr. Reddy is on Aggressive Buy Back of Share Since last Month, What are the effect of buyback on Fundamental?
Ajay Sharma

Deepak Deshpande 2 years ago


the explanation is simple and precise, why aren’t the courses offered for free?
and since the videos are also brief, the cost quoted against it is higher.

Bighnaraj Sarangi
Trade Academy 2 years ago

Hello Deepak, we are glad you enjoyed the video. We had a choice to make courses which lasted hours or courses which were short so we could focus on the core principles. You will find that our courses are very trader centric. Our aim to to grow a community of traders who share their experiences and tweaks with their styles of trading.

Look around other institutes across India, you will find nobody with the support, quality and affordable fees we have.

We would, love to hear your trading style, after all we can only learn from each other.

Deepak Deshpande 2 years ago

thanks for your reply… I am doing mostly intraday trading…. meanwhile my other family members are also getting started with trading…

moreover i still feel the cost of the videos is on higher side..(well the debate can go on..).. awaiting your offer for RKSV customers…

Bighnaraj Sarangi
Trade Academy 2 years ago

That sounds wonderful, if the family is involved there will be more discussion on strategies at the dinner table :) We are offering a whole new pricing plan in the next 2 weeks, we will send you an email tomorrow so you get a heads up.

Rahul Girme 2 years ago



I am very happy that you have started good initiative to educate traders.
I would like to request you, please suggest some good free websites to study technical charts and monitor price action ? also where do I monitor bank nifty and nifty future live charts ?
I am planning to trade daily chart for stocks and intraday also in bank nifty and nifty index chart.

Prateek Singh
Prateek Singh 2 years ago

Hi Rahul,
thank you for taking the course! You should check-out:
For intraday charts you will have to buy live data from the providers, such a s Global datafeeds. You should be able to use NEST charting plugin if you are a customer of RKSV.

Priyanka M 2 years ago


This helped me to understand the difference between Technical analysis & Fundamental analysis. How to measure technical analysis with the help of probability & Historical data has explained in a simplified manner.

Bighnaraj Sarangi
Trade Academy 2 years ago

In lessons ahead you will build a trading system from scratch, so you will know how the entry price, stop loss and profit target for any stock you pick in nifty 50. This will be your first system you can trade, we can talk with more precise examples when you reach the system design lesson.

Orpheus Almeida 2 years ago


Both Technical and fundamental analysis is explained so nicely and in easy manner it will definitely help customer to Analyse the stock and take investment decision accordingly..

Bighnaraj Sarangi
Trade Academy 2 years ago

Yes it helps to know both. We like Bruce Lee’s quote ‘learn everything, use what you need and leave the rest’ or something to that effect. It makes sense to continuously learn and then use what works best for you, this is why all pro trades have their own style.

Orpheus G 2 years ago


I would like to request  you that please specify the liquidity and volatality terms in brief to understand the customers. liquidity means volume of stock, open interest rate etc and volatality of that stock. fundamental and technical are relevent  factor  but we have  lack of information about other factors like  euro, usd inr, crudeoil and govt. policy and GDP data and other market related data. it will definitely help for customer to Analyse the stock with this information.

Rahul Girme 1 year ago


I have subscribed for your technical analysis course. Can I download your learning videos so that i can see and study them offline? if yes how to download them?



Bhaskar Gangopadhyay 1 year ago


Hi Prateek,

I love the way you explain the complex things. Already an admirer of yours. Keep up the great work.

Such a wonderful place to learn trading fundamentals.

Karthik Shankar 1 year ago



is the terms F&O traders are as same as long term traders.Or both are different.if so how?

Bighnaraj Sarangi
Trade Academy 1 year ago

F&O traders are usually short term traders since the futures and options contracts have an expiry date. Usually traders will only trade current month contracts making the trade duration a maximum of 30 days (usually its only a few days or even hours. High frequency trades can last milliseconds too)

Short term traders are always compared to investors, the latter have timeframes spanning a few years to decades. By those standards a ‘short term’ trade could be anywhere between a few weeks to a few months.